這個天上慈母的邀請和託付,促使鮑思高神父為創立一個與慈幼會同樣精神的女修會而立下決心。事實上,鮑思高神父為投入教育男青少年的服務,於1869年已獲羅馬教廷批准,在意大利都靈華道角創立了慈幼會。期間,有不少人請求他也為女孩子們做些善事,經過一番考慮和熱切的祈禱,並獲得同會兄弟的一致贊同和教宗庇護第九世的支持,鮑思高神父決定將創立一個女修會教育貧苦女青少年的計劃付諸實行。

同樣地,居住在意大利摩爾尼斯村莊的瑪利亞瑪沙利羅,於1860年的一天,當她途中經過高崗時,突然看到前面出現了一座宏偉的建築物和一群正在嬉戲的女青年。她聽到一個來自天上的聲音說:"我把她們交託給妳"。這個託付就成為她教育貧苦無依的女青少年的教育使命。

 

聖鮑思高神父得到教宗庇護九世的准許於1872年創立一個以女青少年為服務對象的女修會—母佑會,成為他對聖母感恩的"活紀念碑"。

 

 

修會編年史 1800-2000

 

1815-1871

1815

August: John Bosco was born at Becchi (Castelnuovo d’Asti) Italy.

1817

5th January: Dominic Pestarino, the confessor and spiritual director of Mary Dominica Mazzarello was born at Mornese (Alessandria) Italy.

1837

9th May: Mary Dominica Mazzarello, the co-foundress of the Institute of the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians was born in the Mazzarelli hamlet at Mornese, Italy.

1864

7th October: Don Bosco stopped at Mornese: first meeting with Mary Mazzarello.

1871

In May Don Bosco told his closest collaborators about his plan to found a women's religious congregation.
In June that same year the Holy Father, Pius IX, gave his approval.
During the summer Don Bosco entrusted Fr. Dominic Pestarino with the first draft of the Constitutions of the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians.

1872-1881

1872

5th August: Foundation of the Institute of the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians (FMA); first admissions to the novitiate and first professions in the presence of the founder, Don Bosco, and the Bishop of Acqui, Mgr, Joseph Sciandra. Mary Dominica Mazzarello was the first superior with the title of substitute or 'vicar'.;
prime vestizioni e professioni, presente il Fondatore don Giovanni Bosco e il Vescovo di Acqui mons. Giuseppe Sciandra.
Maria Domenica Mazzarello è la prima superiora con il titolo di “vicaria”

1873

The education authorities of Castelletto d’Orba officially recognised the first boarding school and the primary school of the FMA at Mornese.

1874

8th October: the first FMA house was opened at Borgo San Martino (Alessandria) - Italy.

1875

28th August: Mary Dominica Mazzarello and the first FMA made their perpetual vows into the hands of Don Bosco.

1876

23rd January: diocesan approval of the Constitutions. 29th March: the first house in Turin-Valdocco was opened.

1877

1st September: the first house of the Institute outside Italy was opened at Nice (France).
9th November: Mother Mary Dominica Mazzarello and the first missionaries were received in audience by Pius IX.
14th November: the first six missionaries left for Uruguay.

1878

8th December: first printed edition of the Constitutions.

1879

4th February: the Mother house was transferred from Mornese to Nizza Monferrato (Italy).

1880

The Salesians and FMA began missionary work in Patagonia (Argentina).
12th April: the first boarding school was closed in Mornese, Italy.

1881

February-March: Mother Mary Dominica Mazzarello was taken seriously ill a St. Cyr.
14th May Mother Mary Dominica Mazzarello died at Nizza Monferrato aged 44. She left 26 houses and 166 sisters.
On 18th August Sr. Catherine Daghero was elected superior general.

1882-1899

1884

From 11th - 22nd August the 1st General Chapter was held.

1885

Second edition of the Constitutions revised by Don Bosco.

1886

From 14th - 23rd August the 2nd General Chapter took place.

1888

31st January: the Founder Don Bosco died in Turin.
3rd December: the FMA established the first house in the southernmost tip of South America (Chile).

1890

Don Bosco's cause of canonization was introduced.

1891

8th October: the first foundation in the Middle East - Bethlehem.

1892

From 16th - 19th August the 3rd General Chaper took place.

1893

8th December: first foundation in Africa: Mers-el-Kebir (Algeria).

1897

The FMA returned to Mornese.

1899

From 4th - 7th September the 4th General Chapter was held.

1901-1950

1904

On 22nd January Laura Vicuña died at Junin de los Andes (Argentina). Her cause of canonization was opened in 1955.

1905

From 8th - 20th September the 5th General Chaper took place. The Constitutions were revised to bring them into harmony with the Normae secundum quas.

1907

Don Bosco was declared Venerable.
From 8th - 25th September the 6th General (Special) Chapter was held.

1908

7th February: canonical erection of the first 10 religious provinces.
19 March: thanks to Fr. Philip Rinaldi, the Past Pupils Association was formed at Turin.
26th March: death of Sr. Maddalena Morano at Catania (Italy). Her cause of canonization was opened in 1935.

1911

23rd June: Mother Mary Dominica Mazzarello's cause of canonization was introduced.
7th September: pontifical approval of the Institute with the Decretum Laudis.

1913

From 15th-23rd September the 7th General Chapter was held.

1922

Approval of the Constitutions brought in line with the norms of the Code of Canon Law.
From 8th - 18th September the 8th General Chapter took place.
First foundation in Asia: Tanjore (India).

1924

16th July: Sr. Luisa Vaschetti was elected superior general.

1928

From 31st August to 12th September the 9th General Chapter took place.

1929

2nd June: Don Bosco was declared Blessed.
6th December: the generalate of the Institute moved from Nizza Monferrato to Turin.

1934

1st April: Don Bosco was proclaimed a saint.
From 2nd to 7th July the 10th General Chapter was held.

1935

10th February: death of Sr. Eusebia Palomino Yenes at Valverde del Camino (Spain). Her cause of canonization was opened in 1982.

1936

3rd May: Pius XI declared Mother Mary Dominica Mazzarello 'Venerable'.
6th September: Sr. Amparo Carbonell and Sr. Carmen Moreno were killed during the Spanish persecution.

1938

9th February: the mortal remains of Mother Mary Dominica Mazzarello were transferred from Nizza Monferrato to the Basilica of Mary Help of Christians in Turin.
20th November: Mother Mary Dominica Mazzarello was proclaimed 'Blessed'.

1943

21st September: Sr.Ermelinda Lucotti was appointed superior general.

1947

From 16th - 24th July the 11th General Chapter was held.

 

1951-1999

1951

24th June: Mother Mary Dominica Mazzarello, co-foundress of the Institute, was proclaimed a Saint.
15th August: the former boarding school was re-opened at Mornese.
30th August: death of Sr. Laura Meozzi in Poland. He cause of canonization was introduced in 1986.

1953

From 16th - 24th July the 12th General Chapter was held.

1954

19th November: first foundation in Australia.

1958

From 14th -24th September the 13th General Chapter took place. Sr. Angela Vespa was elected superior general.

1964

From 14th August -17th September the 14th General Chapter took place.

1969

From 16th January to 29th May the 15th General (Special) Chapter took place at Rome. Its purpose was the re-working of the Constitutions according to the directives of Vatican II. Sr. Ersilia Canta was elected superior general.
25th August: death of Sr. Maria Troncatti at Sucúa (Ecuador). Her cause of canonization was introduced in 1986.
11th October: the generalate of the Institute moved from Turin to Rome.

1970

27th June: the Pontifical Faculty of Educational Sciences was canonically erected in Turin.

1975

From 11th April - 28th July the 16th General Chapter took place.

1977

7th July: death of Sr. Maria Romero Meneses at Nicaragua. Her cause of canonization was introduced in 1988.

1981

From 15th September - 27th February 1982 the 17th General Chapter took place. It gave a final revision to the draft Constitutions. Sr. Rosetta Marchese was elected superior general.

1982

24th June: the Constitutions, renewed according to the directives of Vatican II, were approved by decree of the Sacred Congregation for Religious and Secular Institutes (SCRIS).
12th July: Sr. Teresa Vals Pantellini was declared 'Venerable'.

1984

From 24th August - 29th September the 18th General Chapter was held. Sr. Marinella Castagno was elected superior general.

1986

5th June: Laura Vicuña was declared 'Venerable'.

1988

1988 1st September: Sr. Maddalena Morano was declared 'Venerable'.
3rd September: Laura Vicuña was proclaimed 'Blessed' at Colle Don Bosco, Turin.

1990

From 19th September - 17th November the 19th General Chapter took place.

1994

5th November: Sr. Maddalena Morano was proclaimed 'Blessed' at. Catania (Italy).

1996

From 18th September - 15th November the 20th General Chapter took place. Sr. Antonia Colombo was elected superior general.
17th December: Sr. Eusebia Palomino was declared 'Venerable'.

2000

2000

18th December: Sr. Maria Romero was declared 'Venerable'.

2001

11th March: Sr. Amparo Carbonell and Sr. Carmen Moreno were proclaimed 'Blessed' with 32 Spanish Salesian martyrs.

2002

14th April: in Rome Sr. Maria Romero Meneses was proclaimed 'Blessed'.
From 18th September to 16th Novmber the 21st General Chapter was held.

2004

25th April: in Rome Sr. Eusebia Palomino was proclaimed 'Blessed'.

2006

(October 23) Margherita Occhiena declared Venerable.

2008

(September 18 - November 15) XXII General Chapter. On October 24  Sr. Yvonne Reungoat is elected Superior General  .

2010

Centenary of the death of Blessed Michele Rua, First Successor of Don  Bosco.

2011

(September 7) Centenary of Pontifical Approval of the Institute .

2012

16th February : Sr. Maria Troncatti was Proclaimed 'Blessed' .

(August 5) 140th Anniversary of the foundation of the FMA Institute .